But without the agreement of the UN Security Council, they lacked international legitimacy and the extent to which they saved lives was also called into question. When no-fly zones were in place, the United States, France and Britain were accused of killing hundreds of Iraqi civilians in bombings. However, negotiations on scope and implementation have not yet been completed, with the main sensitive point being the size of the area. Referring to the establishment of the secure zone, he said that joint patrols of U.S. and Turkish troops would soon begin east of the Euphrates, adding that Turkish drones have already begun flying in the region. In a joint statement issued on 7 August, NATO allies said the safe zone would become a “peace corridor,” without giving further details. At the time, the Syrian government called the agreement a “blatant attack” on the country`s sovereignty. Erdogan, who has backed the rebels in the fight against Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, will also stand up to Assad`s most powerful supporters, Russia and Iran. Russia referred to a security agreement between Turkey and Syria in 1998 and offered Erdogan to accept the authority of the Damascus government in the region. One of the security zones was in the town of Srebrenica, where thousands of Muslims were seeking safety at a slightly defended UN site.
The agreement was announced in separate statements from the Turkish Ministry of Defense and the U.S. Embassy in Ankara. Ankara accused Washington of getting bogged down in setting up the security zone that would stretch hundreds of miles along Syria`s northeastern border and called on the United States to sever relations with the YPG. U.S. officials feared a Turkish invasion would occur as early as Thursday. The agreement announced on Wednesday said that the U.S. and Turkey`s DELEGATIONs had agreed on a “rapid implementation of the first measures to trigger Turkey`s security problems.” US President Donald Trump hailed the deal as a “great success,” while Germany launched the idea of deploying UN troops to monitor the area. The United States has approved the safe zone to protect its Kurdish allies in Syria and allay Turkish concerns about the border, after President Donald Trump announced last year that he plans to withdraw 2,000 U.S. special forces to help Kurdish fighters fight the Islamic State. The United States and Turkey today announced a landmark agreement that ends a week of hostilities in syria`s border region, saying the idea of creating a safe haven for civilians in a conflict zone is not laudable. In theory, displaced people in these “protected” areas have better access to food, shelter, medical care and security than anywhere.
According to Koseoglu, military sources have said that the area will be implemented “step by step” – first one that is five kilometers deep, then nine, and so on. The United States, on the other hand, has tried to limit the safe zone to 10 km. Because the motives behind safe areas are complex, says Stefanie Kappler, professor of conflict resolution at Durham University. “Since 2013, when we withdrew the troops from the regime in the region, it was safe for everyone. It has become a peaceful place for thousands of people who have fled the war, the regime and other military groups. Turkey agreed to halt its offensive for 120 hours to allow the United States to facilitate the withdrawal of YPG troops from the Turkish-controlled safe zone. Turkey has agreed to a lasting ceasefire following the withdrawal of the YPG. The United States has already begun to facilitate the removal of YPGs from the secure zone. Damascus says military action in response to rebel violations, including the presence of fighters in a demilitarized zone.
“Calling something safe doesn`t do it that way,” said Professor David Keen, author of a paper on the problems of “safe zones,” the BBC.