An international environmental agreement, or sometimes an environmental protocol, is a kind of treaty of international law that allows them to achieve an environmental objective. In other words, it is an “intergovernmental document that is designed as legally binding and is primarily aimed at preventing or managing the human impact on natural resources.” [1] A detailed table of international environmental agreements, to which the EU is already a party or signatory, has been drawn up. Because of these barriers, environmental protocols become an obvious goal for several critical points, such as slow production. B of the desired effects (due to the ratification process of the Convention), the maintenance of the lowest common denominator and the lack of monitoring and implementation. They can also be criticized for taking a progressive approach in which the principles of sustainable development indicate that environmental concerns must be taken into account in a coherent manner. Between 1857 and 2012, 747 multilateral agreements on the environment were concluded. [3] After the Intergovernmental Conference in Stockholm in 1972, the creation of international environmental agreements multiplied. [5] The United Nations has made MMAs popular, most MMAs have been implemented since 1972 at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (also known as the Stockholm Conference). [6] The Stockholm Declaration was adopted by the 113 countries attending the conference and was the first major universal document in an environmental issue. [6] The guidelines for an AED are defined by the participating countries. The United Nations and the World Trade Organization are important intergovernmental organizations for forging and implementing agreements. The main international instruments that enable countries to cooperate on a wide range of global environmental challenges are international conventions and treaties on the environment and natural resources, also known as multilateral environmental agreements (EAs).

The action programme also contains a horizontal priority objective, which aims to help the EU more effectively address international environmental and climate challenges. It recalls that the Union intends to achieve good results in terms of accession to multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) and calls on the EU and its Member States to participate proactively in international negotiations on new and emerging issues. These strategic objectives can only be achieved if a number of important international environmental agreements are actively supported and properly implemented, both at EU and global level. In 2002, the EAC Heads of State and Government Summit decided that regional and multilateral issues should be negotiated in bulk. The draft framework for joint participation and implementation of regional and multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) has been finalised. The objective of this framework is to guide EAC partner countries in the implementation of various multilateral environmental agreements to which partner states belong.