However, in the 1930s, one of his descendants, Maharaja Hari Singh, faced a revolt by Muslims in his kingdom, known as the Kashmir Movement. During this period, Sheikh Abdullah, future Prime Minister of the State, became a strong leader of the Muslims of Kashmir. It is interesting to note that while the IoAs and status quo agreements in the case of Mysore, Manipur, Tehri Garhwal and Udaipur indicate that they were established on behalf of the rulers of those states and the Dominion of India, both documents are drawn up on behalf of the States of Jammu and Kashmir. [18] Is it necessary to take this strange mixture for having accepted the support of the inhabitants of J-K, when they have not even been consulted on this issue? Such nitpicking does not help to conduct an informed debate on this subject. Given the difficult circumstances of 1947 and the number of documents that had to be signed throughout the country, such discrepancies are very likely, particularly in a newly created department, which was barely occupied and had set itself an almost impossible deadline to ensure India`s integration. So small technical equipment as a basis to question the authenticity of the J-K IoA, perhaps not to advance the debate, because the crash is visible in at least one other IoA of which I was able to obtain a copy of the National Archives. In the Mysore IoA, for example, the acceptance date was first mentioned as the “ninth” day of August in black ink. Lord Mountbatten seems to have entered the correct date, namely the “sixteenth”, while adding his signature. The correction is done in green ink – the same color he used to sign his acceptance of every IoA I looked at. In the case of the status quo agreement with Mysore, the Tauan signed the signed portion of the Secretary of the States Department of the Dominion. Thus, the name of V. P. Menon had to be entered manually at the end of this document.

Seven days later, on 16 March, the British transferred the area to King Dogra, Maharaja Gulab Singh. This area included “all the hilly or mountainous land with its outbuildings east of the Indus River and west of the Ravi River, including Chamba and without Lahol.” [3] National Archives Register No. R.R. 271, page 27. The IOA J-K is kept in the file number. P-I/20/47, year 1947. Curiously, the National Archives refused to provide a photocopy of this page. This register indexes various contracts and agreements signed between 1831 and 1985 Maharaja Hari Singh of Jammu and Kashmir. Credit: Wikimedia Text of Lord Mountbatten`s Brief vom 27 October, 1947 to signifhis his acceptance of the Instrument of Accession signed by the Kashmir Maharaja. Violence in Jammu and Poonch is not widely known at this time, with the exception of some reports published in the British publications The Times and The Spectator. The Times said: “2,37,000 Muslims have been systematically exterminated by The Maharajah-led forces of Dogra State, supported by Hindus and Sikhs, unless they flee along the border to Pakistan.” Third, the status quo agreements attached to the appendix are an additional element that confirms the authenticity of Jammu and Kashmir IoA.

In early October, the Maharajah complained to the Pakistani Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the infiltration of tribal people hundreds of kilometres inside the border in the Jammu region. Pakistan denied the accusations, but referred to “the terror and atrocities committed by the J-K troops against the Muslim population of Poonch” – atrocities that, as it suggested, provoked “spontaneous reactions within both J-K and ethnic and religious relatives across the border.”